Feeling / sāttvikabhāva

Component of rasadhvani

sāttvikabhāva - Feeling

sāttvika - a state of body caused by some natural emotion (1200) [1].


The feelings that [William James] identified with emotions, however, were feelings produced by changes in the body. Emotions according to James, were those feelings that arose as the result of the physiological and neurological changes that typically occurred as the result some exciting fact (20) [2].

The hypothesis here to be defended says that this order of sequence is incorrect, that the one mental state is not immediately induced by the other, that the bodily manifestations must first be interposed between, and that the more rational statement is that we feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble, and not that we cry, strike, or tremble, because we are sorry, angry, or fearful, as the case may be. Without the bodily states following on the perception, the latter would be purely cognitive in form, pale, colorless, destitute of emotional warmth (450) [4]

In like manner of grief: what would it be without its tears, its sobs, its suffocation of the heart, its pang in the breastbone? A feelingless cognition that certain circumstances are deplorable, and nothing more. Every passion in turn tells the same story. A purely disembodied human emotion is a nonentity. I do not say that it is a contradiction in the nature of things, or that pure spirits are necessarily condemned to cold intellectual lives ; but I say that for us, emotion dissociated from all bodily feeling is inconceivable. The more closely I scrutinize my states, the more persuaded I become that whatever moods, affections, and passions I have are in very truth constituted by, and made up of, those bodily changes which we ordinarily call their expression or consequence (452) [4]

Book of Mormon

Ammon fainting (Alma 27:16-19)

And it came to pass that as Ammon was going forth into the land, that he and his brethren met Alma, over in the place of which has been spoken; and behold, this was a joyful meeting.

Now the joy of Ammon was so great, even that he was full;

yea, he was swallowed up in the joy of his God, even to the exhausting of his strength;

and he fell again to the earth.

Now was not this exceeding joy?

1. Monier-Williams, Monier. 1899. A Sanskrit-English Dictionary: Etymologically and Philologically Arranged. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
2. Deigh, John. 2010. “Concepts of Emotions in Modern Philosophy and Psychology”, In: Peter Goldie (Ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 17–40.
3. Goldie, Peter (Ed.). 2010. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
4. James, William. 1890. The Principles of Psychology, Vol. 2. Macmillan: London.
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